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Chemical Material Safety Management

Purpose

This chapter provides safety guidelines for all researchers and laboratory workers who work at KAIST, and provides safety guidelines for the management of chemicals to prevent any kind of accident from poisonous chemicals. Moreover it aims to create a safe and quality laboratory.

  • Documenting every policy related to the safety, health, and environment of the researcher.
  • Allocation of budget related to safety.
  • Aim to develop educational programs to educate freshmen regarding safety, health, and the environment.
  • Create a committee that will regularly discuss how to promote safety, health, and environmental issues for all students and staff.
  • All students and staff members must participate in the safety program and learn the responsibilities.
  • All students and staff members must sign the written oath that demonstrates the understanding of codes and regulations of safety and health.
  • There shall be regular and irregular safety checks throughout all laboratories to prevent the possibility of accidents.
  • Pay special attention to ensure that an accident does not recur.
  • Establish and operate a library related to safety (purchase books and videos and provide them to the public).
  • Always remind researchers that safety is the number one priority of their research.
  • There must be sufficient discussion about the safety of experiment procedures and tools that are required before carrying out an experiment.
  • A number of questions must be asked and considered if there is potential danger in carrying out a certain experiment.
    • What are the risk factors?
    • What is the worst case scenario?
    • How will I resolve the problem?
    • What are the protective gears/facility/optimal reactions that will minimize the threat from the risk factors?
  • When handling dangerous chemical compounds the experiment must be carried out within the fume hood. Develop procedures for unique and individual experiments.
  • Don’t conduct an experiment alone in the laboratory (one must notify another person who has their contact information).
  • Always pay attention to the ongoing experiments nearby (develop the habit of noticing the experiments that are going around).
  • Smoking, eating and drinking is prohibited in the laboratory.
  • One must be trained to appropriately react to the following emergency situations: fire, explosion, drug intoxication, exposure to chemical materials, release of gas, short circuit, electric shock, hemorrhage, and infection.
  • Fire extinguisher, emergency shower system, emergency eye washer, first aid, emergency blanket, hood must be checked regularly on a monthly basis.
  • In case of an emergency one should have the contact info for the fire station, campus police, and ambulance.
  • KAIST must provide the first aid equipment and manual.
  • To avoid unnecessary purchase of chemical materials, the list of chemicals to be purchased must be prepared thoroughly.
  • There must be a warning sign on all risk factors.
  • The laboratory must always be clean and organized.
  • The laboratory must carry protective eye-gear at all times.
  • The laboratory must carry appropriate protective gear for all individuals: safety devices, goggle, gloves, lab coat, and face-shield.
  • Develop a program related to the storage and waste of chemical materials.
  • All chemical materials must be indicated with the name, traits, danger level, precautionary measures, and name of the manager.
  • A minimal amount of volatile chemicals must be kept in the laboratory.
  • Acids and bases must be stored separately; and combustible liquid and oxidizers must be stored separately.
  • Chemical materials should be stored and safely secured where there is enough ventilation.
  • Combustible chemical material must be stored in the radiant heat cabinet.
  • Always be cautious when handling electric appliances.

5 Basic Steps in Managing Chemical Materials

  • Only carry out designated experiments in the scheduled time.
  • Do not leave the vicinity during the experiment.
  • Experiments must be supervised by the advising professor.
  • The front door of the laboratory must post the danger level of the experiment, emergency measure, and emergency contact info of the supervisor.
  • Dangerous chemicals must be handled within the hood.
  • During experiments one must wear a lab coat and protective gear.
  • One must be aware of the location of safety devices (fire extinguisher, emergency shower system).
  • Experiment devices and the vicinity of the experiment must be cleaned and organized after the experiment. Used chemicals must be kept in the matching reagent bottle.
  • There must be no obstacles in the vicinity of the laboratory door.
  • Smoking, sleeping, eating is prohibited in the laboratory.